When a person is suspected to have cancer the doctor will ask for certain tests to be performed with blood and/or biopsy from a suspected area. The results obtained after analyzing these samples will help in diagnosis and to plan further advanced tests and/or treatment.
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These tests will give the doctor an idea of how well these organs are functioning and if they’ve been affected by cancer.
Blood is also needed to detect certain abnormal immune system proteins (immunoglobulins) that are sometimes elevated in people with some types of cancer.

Blood is also important to detect tumor markers like the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) for prostate cancer, cancer antigen 125 (CA 125) for ovarian cancer, calcitonin for medullary thyroid cancer, alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) for liver cancer and human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) for germ cell tumors, such as testicular cancer and ovarian cancer.

MIO has a clinical laboratory and the following tests are done regularly

Complete Blood Count (CBC)
Fine needle bone marrow aspiration
Liver function tests
Kidney/Renal function tests
Cardiac function tests
Thyroid function test
Microbial cultures
Tumor Markers (PSA, CA 125, CA 15.3, CEA, AFP, Beta-HCG)
Conventional histopathology with hematoxylin-eosin staining
Advanced immunohistochemistry for ER, PR, Her2-Neu, Ki67