In oncology screening is an extremely important procedure as it involves looking for early stages of cancer before a healthy person has any symptoms. The main objective of screening is for the reason that when abnormal or precancerous tissue is found early, it may be easier to treat and eradicate the cancer completely and the person can live a cancer free life. This is extremely important as in most cases by the time symptoms appear, cancer may have begun to spread and is now more difficult to treat and eradicate. Physical examination that includes checking for signs of disease, laboratory tests, imaging and genetic tests are some of the important screening procedures.
Based on the existing evidence, mass population screening is advocated for breast and cervical cancer, using mammography and cytology screening. In India, breast and cervical cancers are the two most commonly seen cancers in women and screening process is very important for early detection and removal of the precancerous or early cancer tissues. At MIO we have state of the art stereotactic mammogram, a non invasive imaging technique that uses low-dose x-rays to check for breast lump or abnormality and a colposcope to check for vaginal and cervical cancers.
With regard to stereotactic mammography, the instrument pinpoints the exact location of a breast abnormality by using a computer and x-rays taken from two different angles and is better than ultrasound in detecting small massess. When a mammogram shows some suspicious mass a biopsy may be performed to check for benign or malignant cancer. If the results show cancer cells, the surgeon can use this information for planning surgery. We at MIO have carried out over 1000 mammograms and the results have been very accurate. We have also detected early breast cancers in about 150 women and provided the surgically treatment for a cancer free life.
At MIO we also carry out Pap smear or Pap test regularly. This is a procedure to detect cervical cancer in women and the test involves collecting cells from the cervix and checking for cancer under the microscope. We also do colposcopy a procedure of closely examining the cervix, vagina and vulva for signs of cancer. If the doctor finds an unusual area of cells during colposcopy, a sample of tissue can be collected for laboratory testing (biopsy). MIO has the most experienced doctors and we have detected about 200 women with early cervical cancer. The remedial steps adopted have helped them live a cancer free life.