Is a branch of dentistry that deals with dental and oral health care needs of individuals battling various forms of cancer at all stages. This includes screening and detection of early and late stages of cancers in the oral and throat region. Screening is a very vital step as it involves looking for cancer before a person has any symptoms. This can help find cancer at an early stage and when an abnormal tissue or cancer is found early, it may be easier to treat, while by the time symptoms appear, cancer may have begun to spread and difficult to treat.
In the screening procedure the doctors looks for signs of cancer or precancerous conditions in the patients’ mouth and then suggest Histopathological tests to further confirm the stage and the extent of the disease. In addition to the screening, emphasis is also placed in treating and managing oral side effects and complications like oral mucositis (ulcers), xerostomia (dryness of the mouth), dysphagia (difficulty in swallowing), infection, impaired ability to eat, taste, swallow and speak, development of caries, trismus/tissue fibrosis and osteonecrosis, that can arise as a result of chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and other immunosuppresive treatments.
At MIO we have the state of the art dental oncology facilities for both cancer screening and managing treatment induced side effects and complications. Our faculty regularly performs dental cleaning, conventional oral examination, brush cytology and toluidine blue staining to detect cancer. Additionally our staff are also experienced in preventing and mitigating the radiation and chemotherapy induced ill effects on oral mucosa and have served nearly 3000 patients.